From Linuxintro
Revision as of 16:08, 17 November 2013 by imported>ThorstenStaerk (→‎Activate the card)

This article explains how to use wireless la(n) networking with Linux. It has been tested with SUSE Linux 12.2. For the commands below you need to be logged in as root user.

Find out your devices

Find out what wlan devices you have

# hwinfo --wlan --short
  wlan0                Ralink 802.11 bg WLAN

In this example, you have one wireless network device. It is named wlan0.

Activate the card

In this example we will use SUSE Linux 12.2 and a Conceptronic USB WLAN adapter with a RALink chipset. To activate the card, set it up with

yast2 lan

Yast will offer to install the packages iw and kernel-firmware as well. This is important because the firmware must fit to the drivers' version. So accept installing iw and both iw and kernel-firmware will be installed. Then yast will create a script /etc/sysconfig/ifcfg-wlan0 containing your device's parameters.

This will allow you the next command you need to call:

ifup wlan0

And you device will be activated.

Find out your networks

To find out the networks you can access, use iwlist:

# iwlist wlan0 scanning
wlan0     Scan completed :
          Cell 01 - Address: 00:1D:7E:B4:E9:31
                    Frequency:2.412 GHz (Channel 1)
                    Quality=48/100  Signal level:-70 dBm
                    Encryption key:on
                    IE: WPA Version 1
                        Group Cipher : TKIP
                        Pairwise Ciphers (2) : CCMP TKIP
                        Authentication Suites (1) : PSK
                    IE: Unknown: 2D1A4C1003FFFF000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
                    Bit Rates:1 Mb/s; 2 Mb/s; 5.5 Mb/s; 11 Mb/s; 6 Mb/s
                              9 Mb/s; 12 Mb/s; 18 Mb/s; 24 Mb/s; 36 Mb/s
                              48 Mb/s; 54 Mb/s
                    Extra: Last beacon: 764ms ago
          Cell 02 - Address: 00:0D:88:A0:BD:32
                    Frequency:2.462 GHz (Channel 11)
                    Quality=52/100  Signal level:-46 dBm
                    Encryption key:on
                    Bit Rates:1 Mb/s; 2 Mb/s; 5.5 Mb/s; 11 Mb/s; 6 Mb/s
                              9 Mb/s; 12 Mb/s; 18 Mb/s; 24 Mb/s; 36 Mb/s
                              48 Mb/s; 54 Mb/s
                    Extra: Last beacon: 116ms ago

In this example you have two cells of a wireless network with the ESSID MYLAN.

Connect to your network

To connect to your network, start yast's lan module and continue as adviced:

yast2 lan